NETWORKING CABLES & OTHER CABLES
What is an Ethernet Cable?
Ethernet is a manual way of connecting an electronic device ((computer, tablet, gaming console, etc.) to a network. this will allow access to internet and shared network resources.
You might be thinking is it not a bit old school to still depend on wires and cables to get internet when you can just freely use Wi-Fi through wireless means.to an extend a big No specially when it comes to internet being used in professional settings .so what is the difference cables are making over wireless means.
Ethernet cables are a special to go to for the very same reasons told above. Cables are generously infallible. On the other hand, Wi-Fi get affected by potential factors. The distance between you and your network, interfering objects like walls, heavy machinery can cause internet speed to slow down, might be at the time when you most need it.
The ethernet cable provides continues internet without disruptions, faster speed, a reliable instrument. Whenever the Wi-Fi is problematic over wireless it’s a good backup plan to have in your pocket.so don’t throw those ethernet cables you have being intending to!
Then there is option along different kinds of network whether to connect via Ethernet cables or wirelessly. some networks, such as local area networks (LANs), require this cable if you want to have access to the router.
One of the great thing about Ethernet cables is that they are internally recognized in internet technology maintaining a standard that is not easily be taken over. Thus, these cables are supported by all manufactures of network equipment and can fit with any piece of hardware.
When building a network setup network cable length is important. Most safety standards suggest 100meters of length is a viable option without any loss of data. However, there is no limit above it feel free to buy more length.
Different types of Ethernet cables
Ethernet cables exist in different kinds all designed according to various network criteria and speeds.
For example, Category 5 (Cat5) will support 10-100 Mbps and is the older and much slower type of Ethernet cable that is available .it is mostly seen with networking systems that are there for a time.
Category 5 enhanced (Cat5e) can support 1000 Mbps and thwarts intra-wire interference within the cable.
Category 6 (Cat6) is the newest in market and fastest type of Ethernet cable you can purchase, capable of handling 10-gigabit speeds.
Now the rest is the decision of choosing which kind of ethernet cable to be used in particular situations.
For regular tasks and routinely work at5/Cat5e is the standard choice. While dealing with high tech powered machines modern parallel of ethernet cable like augmented Category 6 (Cat6a) are the options
Category 6a (cat6a) ethernet cables are designed to impulse the data transmission rate up to 10 gigabits per second and provide twice the maximum bandwidth that Cat6 does.
Even one step further category 7 Ethernet cables exist, providing same speed as category 6 but with more bandwidth.
Solid vs. Stranded:
These categories of ethernet cable is very basic. Solid cables provide slightly improved performance and better resistance against interreference. Business networks make use of sold cable for reliable networking services. These cables are generally wired inside walls or beneath floors.
Stranded cables are far flexible than solid ones thus less exposed to breaking or cracking. They are often used in homes and while traveling.
At lastly after deciding the desired Ethernet cable, do check that router and network cards you have or are going to buy are compatible with the chosen ethernet cable
Common Types of Networking Cables
You must think living in 21st century must be cable free, with no nuisance of labelling and managing cables, to some degree its right but cables are here to stay for better good and their useful purpose
As cables are still best known to set up giant servers, deliver loads of data in fastest speed and connecting our necessary machinery.
As such you should have a though knowledge about kinds of networking cables on which the whole industry relies heavily.
Twisted Pair Cables
These cables are most widely and frequently used.as name specifies there are pairs of wires twisted over each other in the cable. twisting serves the purpose of preventing electromagnetic interference from nearby machines or other cables.
Twisted pair cables are found to be of two categories; The first one is Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) and other is Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP). STPs have an extra layer of shielding comparatively to provide more resistance against electromagnetic interference thus resulting in maximizing bandwidth. These wires do come with drawbacks like they are heavier and costly as compared to UTPs, so they are discreetly used when setting up high end technology where data interference is a concern.
Another feature that is data transfer per second distinguishes wires. The categories in standard use are Category 5e (1 Gbps) and Category 6 (10 Gbps)
Coaxial cables are the invention of few decades ago, you might have seen them in your childhood the glorious wires used to connect tv to home antennas and set the very first network setups
Coaxial cables have less-than-stellar data transfer rates (10 Mbps) and being heavy in weight led them to permanently go away as soon as twisted pair cables came into scene.
The buildings that installed these cables might still be using but they no longer exist in markets.
Fiber Optic Cables
These cables have modernized structure. A thin cylinder of glass is surrounded by multiple layers of sheath to prevent interference at best. fiber optic cables have different mode of data transfer than other wires by using pulses of light
Though these cables are expensive, but they expertly manage to transfer big amounts of data in high-traffic environments.
There are two versions of fiber optic cables; one is known as single mode because of its mechanism of using single ray of light for data transmission over longer distances. While the multiple mode optical fibers carry data over shorter distances using several rays of light simultaneously.
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Cables
By name you may not know these cables but at some point, you got them from hardware store for connecting external devices to the computer. There are special adapters to help connect ethernet cables indirectly to a USB Port and function normally. USB cables are used as temporary means to setup the network and to run it as other reliable type of cabling, such as STP/UTPs or fiber optics, can be properly installed.
From above knowledge it is clear that not much variety of network cables exist but these are modified from time to time to produce better versions for better performance. efforts are made to make cables go away for real until then maximum speed of data transfer is achieved through working on these existing cables.
Do Different Ethernet Cables Affect Your Ethernet Speed?
Ethernet cables vary in physical as well as technical aspects as then it’s possible that different kinds of ethernet cables exist. Every Ethernet cable can help getting connected to a network. They are plugged in ethernet port located either on router or your computer. But the internal structure of ethernet cables makes the difference in supplying the ethernet speed.
Maximizing Ethernet speed
Maximizing ethernet speed is something you should really know. Many have misunderstanding or confuse the two terms network speed and ethernet speed. They both are independent, and one does not affect the other.
For example, if you are transferring photos from one computer to another device on home network it will be easily transferred through a gigabit-compatible network.to get those giga-bits one would need such hardware that could support it also. Old PCS would not handle this speed .so you might need a new upgraded version of router, network cards. Vice versa let’s suppose you have all the hardware upgraded needed to transfer files on giga-bit speeds but the ethernet cables are not up to that standard even then files won’t be able to transfer at speeds you are trying.
For example, upgrading cat5 cables to cat5e would do the work for you. Theoretically cat5 can achieve giga-bit speeds but its better to move ahead by using more-reliable Cat5e or Cat6, definitely worth the small expense.
Ethernet speeds is sensitive to many factors, achieving the ideal quoted speeds theoretically might prove false in real world but playing with different ways to maximize would work fine.